If you are interested in tiling WM's but you're also an id10t like me the following guide below will walk you through setting up the best imho tiling WM bspwm to run alongside XFCE. This setup is nice for n00b id10ts because it grants you all of the great features of a tiling WM without having to sacrifice the conveniences of a DE in this case, XFCE. I've written this guide from the perspective of a user running Arch Linux because that's the distro that I run and it's the best Linux distro around ;].
However, these instructions should be applicable to any system running XFCE, regardless of the distribution. I heavily referenced this guide as I was getting this setup to work, substituting bspwm with i3, of course. This guide is a great resource, I had to make a few variations outlined below but this is a nice template to work off of when trying out different WM's under XFCE.
You may or may not want to do this step. Creating another user is a nice way to make your own sandbox.Asus tablet p001 flash file
If you do decide to create a new user and you're running Archthis step may also be necessary. You need to install compton if you want fancy shadows, fading effects, transparency, etc. Lastly, rofi is a 'window switcher, run dialog, ssh-launcher and dmenu replacement'. Installing bspwm on top of XFCE really eliminates the need for a program to launch applications, however, I really like rofi to switch windows and use rofi primarily for this purpose.
The --config flag directs compton to start using the config file located in the user's home directory. You need to spell out the full user directory path. The -b flag sets compton to run in the background. There are a lot of resources out there to understand how this file works.
For me, the most helpful guidance was understanding how this file controls mouse actions. The lines below allow the mouse to manipulate windows when the 'alt' key is drpressed: floating windows can be resized with the 'left click' button; floating windows can be moved with the 'right click' button; tiling windows can be resized with the 'left click' button.
The other settings I have in this file set the number of workspaces, window padding, etc. Lastly, I also like having a dock.Voltage dac
I use Docky. In order to set Docky to appear above all other windows, I set this rule:. I also have Docky locked with focus turned off, this helps me to prevent accidentally closing Docky.
You assign a keybinding on one line and then in the line below, you indent, and then list the action you want to execute after pressing that keybinding. If it doesn't, something is wrong with the action you want to execute or there is a keybinding conflict. I like to leverage the function keys to execute the main features of bspwm and these are the settings I have defined in my sxhkdrc file:.
Note: I haven't even scratched the surface of bspwm by using the small number of commands listed above. Explore the man page, search google, and look at other dots to fully leverage bspwm. Do better than me.
Building a bspwm desktop (a guide)
You're worth it. I wanted to set all 'unfocused' windows to be transparent. To do this, I had to adjust the opacity settings:. I really only use rofi to switch windows.
Note to anyone reading - please let me know if you have a cool way to switch windows other than rofi!!! I've enabled rofi to run by hitting 'alt-tab' [to switch windows] and 'alt-return' [to run applications] both defined in sxhkdrc. Rofi was also always transparent, even when focused. To fix this, I had to add the following settings to compton.An adventure creating a single user environment with 4 desktops.
I used those mentioned below, quite extensively in the creation of my desktop and this article. The reasons I choose to work with explore bspwm are many. To begin building the system, I started by making certain bspwm key Debian software dependencies were taken care of installed. Here are the items I found I needed to make everything work I am pretty certain this list is complete :.
Additionally, you will need the following items. You may use your native software installer repos or the command line to install them:. Here are some I added:. Be advised: Because I co-install bspwm on a machine with xfce4, I make use of numerous xfce tools. Some of the following tools may be available from synaptic or your distro repos.
If for any reason they are not available through your distro installer syou can build them manually. PyWal also will probably require a manual install. In order to successfully perform the pip3 install, dependency software was installed as part of the dependency installation above. This all happens through the magic of PyWal. Currently, dunst and Thunar are not affected. I may explore seeing if I can do something about that later. I used all of them to figure out how-to build and use the dotfiles I now have and use.
These dotfiles are central to the creation of my environment. If you have not worked with tiling windows managers wm before, you need to know that dotfiles are central to the creation of a tiling wm and they are fairly readily converted from one wm to another.
Caveat emptor: Without dotfiles, you may be left with an extremely sparse, non-functioning desktop. I use rofi as a key component of my bspwm environment. It is very malleable. If you install my dotfiles, this should all work magically for you. If not, I hope you learn more quickly than I do. Note: if you change the format of your sxhkd keybindings dotfile, you will get a garbled, useless keybinding pop-up.Qtile - Getting Started And Setting Workspaces
Rofi to pick a theme for rofi all you need do is enter the following command in terminal and follow the instructions :. Install paste, drop, move my scripts assuming you want them to work into the following directory locations. Or, change the dotfiles to reflect your preferred location s. Remember, like with all of my work, I am only able to provide the following assurance s :. Sharing is caring. Like this: Like LoadingTutorials Abdullah wrote how to secure your dotfiles with GnuPG.
bspwm for dummies
Anish Athalye wrote a guide on dotfiles management highlighting organizational approaches, installation tools, and general tips and tricks. Dmitry Geurkov wrote an article about his tool called dotcentral. Dries Vints wrote an extensive blog post on why and how he created his dotfiles. Lars Kappert wrote a tutorial about getting started using a dotfiles repository.
Mark Rabideau wrote an article on Building a bspwm desktop walking through his setup, including links to the configuration files on github. Michael J. Smalley wrote a popular blog post with an associated git repo that includes a dotfiles installer script.
Nicola Paolucci wrote a tutorial describing an elegant way to manage dotfiles using a Git bare repository. Rosco Kalis wrote an article about setting up dotfilesand a second one specifically about his automated repository management.
Wes Bos has a series of free videos introducing ZSH, oh-my-zsh, and z. Awesome dotfiles contains articles, tools and other resources to get you up to speed with dotfiles.This setup is nice for n00b id10ts because it grants you all of the great features of a tiling WM without having to sacrifice the conveniences of a DE in this case, XFCE. However, these instructions should be applicable to any system running XFCE, regardless of the distribution.
I heavily referenced this guide as I was getting this setup to work, substituting bspwm with i3, of course. You may or may not want to do this step. Creating another user is a nice way to make your own sandbox. You need to install compton if you want fancy shadows, fading effects, transparency, etc. Installing bspwm on top of XFCE really eliminates the need for a program to launch applications, however, I really like rofi to switch windows and use rofi primarily for this purpose.
You need to spell out the full user directory path. The -b flag sets compton to run in the background. There are a lot of resources out there to understand how this file works.
For me, the most helpful guidance was understanding how this file controls mouse actions. The other settings I have in this file set the number of workspaces, window padding, etc. Lastly, I also like having a dock. I use Docky. In order to set Docky to appear above all other windows, I set this rule:.
I also have Docky locked with focus turned off, this helps me to prevent accidentally closing Docky. You assign a keybinding on one line and then in the line below, you indent, and then list the action you want to execute after pressing that keybinding.
I like to leverage the function keys to execute the main features of bspwm and these are the settings I have defined in my sxhkdrc file:. Explore the man page, search google, and look at other dots to fully leverage bspwm. Do better than me.
Manage dotfiles with GNU Stow
To do this, I had to adjust the opacity settings:. I really only use rofi to switch windows. Note to anyone reading - please let me know if you have a cool way to switch windows other than rofi!!!This will hopefully get you all set up and running in bspwm in no time. Install any dependencies you may be missing there might be more than needed on this list as I didn't explicitly check.
NOTE : libxcb-ewmh-dev may be named libxcb-ewmh1-dev on your system. NOTE: The package libxcb-ewmh1-dev which is available on ubuntu Look at this file and learn the key bindings. Change any bindings you don't like. For instance, I prefer using alt over super windows key. Change the line at 84 to match your preferred terminal editor urxvt or xterm HIGHLY recommended over gnome-terminal, terminator.
Now for the moment of truth. Type startx in your tty. If all went according to plan, you should be presented with a blank screen. That's good. If nothing happens, start trouble shooting. Run a startx again and there should be a panel. Log out and log back in. There are a few ways to debug this. First, a blank screen is good. That means bspwm is running usually. The ampersand is important. Next, try spawning a terminal in your xinitrc to see if its getting positioned properly. It should appear somewhat "centered" on the screen.
To do this, use this. If nothing shows up, that means you probably forgot to install urxvt. If it shows up but isn't centered or taking up most of your screen, that means BSPWM isn't starting properly.
Next, type pidof sxhkd in that terminal you spawned. It should return a process number. If it doesn't, that means sxhd isn't running. You could also try changing the Super key to something like Alt in your sxhkdrc and see if that helps. Another common problem is copying the text from the example files instead of physically copying the file over. Skip to content. Pages 2. You signed in with another tab or window. Reload to refresh your session.It is very convenient for managing dotfiles, as it eliminates the need for manually copying changes to a dedicated, version-controlled repository.
Using stow I just need to provide the first parent directory as an argument, as follows:. Stow becomes very useful once we start using more complex path structures. I like to organise my directories by theme, adding the appropriate paths inside. Here is a practical example for vim and my basic bspwm desktop session:.
This practically means:. With GNU Stow it just becomes even easier to manage your configurations. It is particularly useful for quickly setting up a work environment on a clean install.
So make sure you first double check the directory structures you intend to create symbolic links to. Remember, man is your friend. Skip to content Protesilaos Stavrou. Organising by theme Stow becomes very useful once we start using more complex path structures.
Next: Trying out Emacs. Previous: Today I learned: mpv for online video streaming. See all: Code blog entries.EWMH is partially supported. Install the bspwm package or bspwm-git AUR for the development version. See the bspwm 1 and sxhkd 1 manuals for detailed documentation. The total number of desktops were maintained at ten in the above example. There are two ways to set window rules as of cd97a The second option is to use an external rule command.
This is more complex, but can allow you to craft more complex window rules. See these examples for a sample rule command. If a particular window does not seem to be behaving according to your rules, check the class name of the program. You might also get some insights from the lemonbar wiki page. Check the optdepends in the bspwm package for dependencies that may be required.
To display system information on your status bar you can use various system calls.Instagram scraper hashtag
This example will show you how to edit your panel to get the volume status on your BAR:. Using the example panel using lemonbar requires you to set your environment. Easier panel to set up is yabar AURwhich has just one config file. You can emulate a dropdown terminal like i3's scratchpad feature if you put a terminal in it using bspwm's window flags.
Append the following to the end of the bspwm config file adapt to your own terminal emulator :. The sticky flag ensures that the window is always present on the current desktop. In this example we are going to use termite with a custom class name as our dropdown terminal. It does not have to be termite. First create a file in your path with the following content and make it executable. In this example let's call it scratchpad. To toggle the window a custom rule in sxhkd is necessary.
Give as parameter the custom class name. For a scratch-pad which can use any window type without pre-defined rules, see: . Here is how to setup the desktop 3 to have only floating windows. It can be useful for GIMP or other apps with multiple windows. Bspwm does not handle any keyboard input and instead provides the bspc program as its interface.
For keyboard shortcuts you will have to setup a hotkey daemon like sxhkd sxhkd-git AUR for the development version. See Cursor themes Change X shaped default cursor.Http security header not detected cve
This can happen if you are using GTK3 apps and usually for dialog windows. If you have problems, like Java application Windows not resizing, or menus immediately closing after you click, see Java Gray window, applications not resizing with WM, menus immediately closing.
If you use fishyou will find that you are unable to switch desktops. You can fix this by explicitly telling sxhkd to use bash to execute commands:. To fix this without changing your default SHELL you can make tell sxhkd explicitly to use bash, or another faster shell to execute commands for example, sh :.
Either you try to use the same key twice, or you start sxhkd twice.
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